4.9.11

Basic Router Concepts

What is a Router?
A router is a device that forwards traffic between networks based on network layer information in the data and on routing tables aintained by the router. In these routing tables, a router builds up a logical picture of the overall network by gathering and exchanging information with other routers in the network. Using this information, the router chooses the best path for forwarding network traffic. Routers vary in performance and scale, number of routing protocols supported, and types ofphysical WAN connection they support.

Routing Information Protocol
One of the protocols used by a router to build and maintain a picture of the network is the Routing Information Protocol (RIP). Using RIP, routers periodically update one another and check for changes to add to the routing table. RIP-2 supports subnet and multicast protocols. RIP is not required for most home applications. 

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